Model Question and Answers for APSC | The spirit of tolerance and love is not only an interesting feature of Indian society from very early times, but it is also playing an important part at the present. Elaborate.

The spirit of tolerance and love is not only an interesting feature of Indian society from very early times, but it is also playing an important part at the present. Elaborate.

Model Question and Answers for APSC | The spirit of tolerance and love is not only an interesting feature of Indian society from very early times, but it is also playing an important part at the present. Elaborate.

Ans: Kabir, Guru Nanak and Goswami Tulisdas are enduring symbols of pluralism, tolerance and mutual respect in india among various groups. It has been our heritage since ages.

 

The spirit of tolerance and love is not only an interesting feature of Indian society from very early times:

  • Ashokan inscription are most obvious evidence of Indian spirit of tolerance.
  • Similar could be said of Sangam society as given in sangam literature.
  • Buddhism and Jainism’s concepts of non-violence are direct corollary to the spirit of tolerance.
  • Sufi saints’ sense of piety, tolerance, sympathy, concept of equality attracts both Muslims and fraternity

 

Spirit of tolerance and love today:

  1. Inscribed in preamble to the constitution in ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity
  2. Indian groups like International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISCKON) and Ramakrishna Mission still spread Indian culture of tolerance, pluralism and mutual love.
  3. Suprme court explicitly asked government to accomodate Rohingya refugee into society fo rtime being despite overwhelming social, economic and political challenges
  4. Hindu, Muslims, Sikh, Jain all work in each other’s place. For example Muslims find work as cooks, pony/horse operators and palanquin bearers at Amarnath Shrine or Vaishno devi
  5. There are common festivals that are celebrated by all communities.
  6. During pujas, Muslims are invited and during the Id festival, Hindus are invited.
  7. People from all religions go out to watch movies of Salman Khan, Shahrukh Khan and Rajnikanth irrespective of whether they’re released on Diwali or Eid

 

 

Q2. Distinguish between religiousness/religiosity and communalism giving one example of how the former has got transformed into the latter in independent India.

(UPSC Mains-2017)

 

Religiosity is defined as strong religious feeling or belief. It is personal phenomenon related to spirituality and God. Communalism is a political phenomenon and has nothing to do with religion though religion is misused in communalism.

 

Distinguish between religiousness/religiosity and communalism:

  • A communalist may not be deeply religious. As all religion teach peace and tolerance true religiousness necessarily means mutual