Model Question and Answers for APSC | Distinguish between religiousness/religiosity and communalism giving one example of how the former has got transformed into the latter in independent India.
Distinguish between religiousness/religiosity and communalism giving one example of how the former has got transformed into the latter in independent India.
Ans: Religiosity is defined as strong religious feeling or belief. It is personal phenomenon related to spirituality and God. Communalism is a political phenomenon and has nothing to do with religion though religion is misused in communalism.
Distinguish between religiousness/religiosity and communalism:
- A communalist may not be deeply religious. As all religion teach peace and tolerance true religiousness necessarily means mutual tolerance.
- According to Bipan Chandra, in his book, “India since Independence”, “Communalism is an ideology based on the belief that Indian society is divided into religious communities, whose economic, political, social and cultural interests diverge and are even hostile to each other because of their religious differences ”
- Religiosity is as old as the religion and civilization Communalism is a newer phenomenon compared to religiosity. It was born during the colonial times, when the British used religious contrasts among different communities to rule over them.
- It can be found throughout the Communalism is a phenomenon mainly confined to Indian subcontinent, and South Asia.
Religiousness/religiosity transformed into communalism in independent India:
- Kashmir in 1980s , separatist used development deficit to promote hatred, violence and terrorism
- Khalistan movement in Punjab, Bhindaranwale used backwardness of landless sikh to turn matter into communalism