Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 02.04.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 02.04.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 02.04.22

Q1. Vanniyakula Kshatriya community belongs to the state of

a. Tamil Nadu
b. Rajasthan
c. Haryana
d. Assam

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Quota and data
No group should get an exclusive reservation without data on backwardness
Highlights:
1. The Supreme Court has rightly quashed the Tamil Nadu Special Reservation Act of 2021, or the Vanniyar quota law, on the ground that it was not based on updated quantifiable data.
2. The Act had envisaged the distribution of the 20% quota for Most Backward Classes (MBC) and Denotified Communities (DNCs) in education and public employment by assigning 10.5% to Vanniyars or the Vanniyakula Kshatriya community, 7% for 25 MBCs and 68 DNCs, and 2.5% for the remaining 22 MBCs.
3. Even though a superficial look at the law would give an impression that not just the Vanniyars but also 115 other communities have been covered, the aspect of internal reservation for one community — Vanniyars — had created the impression of special treatment.

4. Such treatment per se is not bad in law, as caste, the Court said, can be the starting point for the identification of backward classes or providing internal reservation, though it cannot be the sole basis.
5. Also, there must be pertinent, contemporaneous data. The Court also pointed out that no analysis had been made of the relative backwardness and representation of other communities in the MBCs and DNCs.

Q2. Consider the following statements about Indian presence in Polar areas

1. India has permanent stations in Antarctica, Maitri and Bharati
2. The National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) is an important R&D institution for polar research under the Ministry of Earth Sciences

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

NCPOR
The National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) is an important R&D institution under the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
1. It conducts research in the Polar and Antarctic Ocean (Southern or Austral Ocean) realms.
2. It was previously known as the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR).
3. It was established as an autonomous R&D body in 1998. It is located in Goa.

4. It is the nodal agency for coordinating and implementing India’s Antarctic program.
5. It also maintains India’s permanent stations in Antarctica, Maitri and Bharati, and also the research base in the Arctic, Himadri.
Centre introduces Antarctica Bill
1. The government introduced the ‘Antarctica Bill’ in the Lok Sabha that envisages regulating visits and activities to Antarctica as well potential disputes that may arise among those present on the continent. The Bill also prescribes penal provisions for certain serious violations.
2. The text of the Bill says that it seeks to “... prohibit Indian expedition to Antarctica or carrying of certain activities in Antarctica without a permit or the written authorisation of another party to the protocol…provide for inspection in India by an officer designated by the Central government as an Inspector and to constitute an inspection team to carry out inspections in Antarctica.”
3. India had been a signatory to the Antarctica Treaty since 1983 and that encumbered India to specify a set of laws governing portions of the continent where it had its research bases
4. Antarctica is no man’s land... It isn’t that India is making a law for a territory that doesn’t belong to it… the question is if in the territory involving India’s research stations, some unlawful activity happens, how to check it? The Treaty made it mandatory for the 54 signatory countries to specific laws governing territories on which their stations are located,” said the government.
Antarctic treaty:
1. India is also a signatory to treaties such as the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources and the Commission for Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, both of which enjoin India to help preserve the pristine nature of the continent.
2. Not only was India obliged to have such obligations but it would also clearly establish that any illegal act or “crime” in Indian territory in Antarctica would mean that a person — even if they were a foreigner — would be subject to Indian laws.

Q3. The CBI director is appointed by a three-member committee comprising

1. The Prime Minister
2. The Chief Justice of India
3. The Home Minister

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 2 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Need a new, independent body to oversee probe agencies: CJI
The country needs an independent umbrella institution with oversight over agencies such as the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), the Enforcement Directorate (ED) and the Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO), as the image of the institutions has been tarnished by allegations of corruption, excesses, lack of impartiality, and a close nexus with the political class, Chief Justice of India (CJI) said.

Umbrella institution with oversight over probe agencies:
1. This umbrella institution, he added, needs to be created through a comprehensive statute, clearly defining its powers, functions and jurisdictions.
2. The head of this body should be an impartial and independent authority, appointed by a committee, much like a panel that appoints the CBI director.
3. The CBI director is appointed by a three-member committee comprising the Prime Minister, the CJI, and the leader of the Opposition.
4. The CJI asserted that having such an organisation, which can have separate prosecution and investigation wings, will also end the multiplicity of proceedings.
5. A single incident these days gets investigated by multiple agencies, often leading to dilution of evidence, a contradiction in depositions, and prolonged incarceration of innocents.
6. It will also save the institution from being blamed as a tool of harassment. Once an incident is reported, the organisation should decide as to which specialised wing should take up the investigation, said CJI.
7. He suggested the states can also replicate having such institutions in their respective jurisdictions. CJI Ramana further said that CBI’s credibility has come under public scrutiny due to its “actions or inactions”.

Q4. Which of the following factors are responsible for increased GST collection in the financial year 2021-2022?

1. Economic recovery
2. Anti-evasion activities, especially action against fake billers have been contributing to the enhanced GST
3. Rate rationalisation measures undertaken by the GST Council to correct the inverted duty structure

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 2 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

GST collections at a record ₹1.42 lakh crore in March
1. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) collection in March 2022 touched ₹1.42 lakh crore, the highest ever since the inception of the new indirect tax regime in 2017, highlighting the ongoing robust economic recovery, technology-based compliance and rationalisation of inverted duty structure.
2. This is the ninth month in a row that GST revenue crossed ₹1 lakh crore mark; the record collection of ₹1,42,095 crore in March is 15% higher than ₹1,23,902 crore achieved in the same month a year ago, according to the government data. The previous record collection was ₹1,40,986 crore in January.
3. According to government data, total GST collections in the current financial year ended March 31 were, at a little over ₹14.8 lakh crore, 17.5% higher than the ₹12.2 lakh crore collected in 2019-20, a non-Covid year.
4. The numbers reflect the ongoing economic recovery. The Indian economy is expected to grow by 8.9% in 2021-22 according to the government’s second advance estimates, helping the economy expand beyond its pre-pandemic level.

Result of reforms:
 Economic recovery,
 Anti-evasion activities, especially action against fake billers have been contributing to the enhanced GST.

 The improvement in revenue has also been due to various rate rationalisation measures undertaken by the [GST] Council to correct the inverted duty structure