Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 05.02.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 05.02.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 05.02.22

Q1. Consider the following statements about the preamble

  1. It is indicated by the Preamble that the source of authority of the Constitution lies with the parliament
  2. Preamble declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic
  3. The date is mentioned in the preamble when it was adopted i.e. January 26, 1950

Which of the above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

Components of Preamble

  1. It is indicated by the Preamble that the source of authority of the Constitution lies with the people of India.
  2. Preamble declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic.
  3. The objectives stated by the Preamble are to secure justice, liberty, equality to all citizens and promote fraternity to maintain unity and integrity of the nation.
  4. The date is mentioned in the preamble when it was adopted i.e. November 26, 1949.

RS debates use of private Bills to amend Preamble to Constitution

  1. Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman Harivansh said that there have been a number of instances in the past when a private member’s Bill to amend the Preamble to the Constitution has been introduced in both the Houses of Parliament and that its legislative competence is decided by Council and not the Chair.
  2. Harivansh stated that during the last session member Manoj Kumar Jha had opposed the motion moved by K.J. Alphons to introduce a Bill on the subject. 
  3. Jha had argued that Preamble is part of the basic structure of the Constitution and the Bill may not be allowed for introduction.
  4. Alphons had moved a Bill to replace the word “socialist” with “equitable” in the Preamble. He had said the word carried political connotations.
  5. Following this, a Congress leader said the Preamble cannot be changed when questions are being raised about the integrity of our commitment to the Indian Constitution, this should not be allowed.
  6. At which, Biju Janata Dal members said: the two words — socialist and secular — were added to the Preamble of the Constitution by the 42nd amendment, so it can be changed

Q2. Golden langur is endemic to Bhutan and Indian state of 

  1. Assam
  2. Sikkim
  3. Arunachal
  4. Meghalaya

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Villagers resist sanctuary tag for langur habitat

  1. Neighbours of a golden langur habitat in western Assam’s Bongaigaon district have opposed a move by the State government to upgrade it to a wildlife sanctuary.
  2. Kakoijana Reserve Forest is one of the better-known homes of the golden langur (Trachypithecusgeei) found only in Assam and Bhutan and a Schedule-I species under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. It is listed as among the world’s 25 most endangered primates.
  3. The Assam Forest Department had in January issued a preliminary notification for converting the 19.85 sq. km. patch of forest into the KakoijanaBamuni Hill Wildlife Sanctuary.

Sustainable conversion

  1. As primary stakeholders, the villagers demanded that the “conventional idea of wildlife sanctuary” be dropped and the reserve forest converted into a community forest resource “using Forest Rights Act, 2006, to ensure community co-managed system of participation for sustainable conservation”.
  2. “We consider some of the areas inside the forest as sacred and its sanctity should be maintained. The joint forest management committee in the surrounding villages are doing a good job in protecting the forest and have an intricate relation with the forest,” the memorandum given by villagers said.

Efforts of conservation

  1. The villagers pointed out that the conservation efforts of the locals had helped the authorities concerned to restore the forest canopy from less than 5% to more than 70%.
  2. This in turn helped increase the golden langur population from less than 100 to more than 600 over almost three decades.

Q3. Consider the following statements

  1. Tropical forests store the bulk of carbon in the biomass
  2. Mangroves store carbon is primarily in the soil
  3. The carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems is called blue carbon

Which of the above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

All statements are correct

Tropical forests store the bulk of carbon in the biomass, mangrove carbon is primarily stored in the soil. The carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems is called blue carbon.

Q4. Consider the following statements about the Decarbonising Transport in Emerging Economies (DTEE) project in India

  1. It is launched by the World Bank in collaboration with NITI Ayog
  2. The five-year project aims to help India develop a low-carbon transport system 

Which of the above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

The International Transport Forum (ITF) and the National Institute for Transforming India (NITI Aayog), have jointly launched the Decarbonising Transport in Emerging Economies (DTEE) project in India.

The five-year project aims to help India develop a pathway towards a low-carbon transport system through the development of modelling tools and policy scenarios.

This is a very important and promising undertaking that will provide practical support for the Indian government for making the right choices on the way to a low-CO2 transport system.

Q5. Western disturbances are low-pressure areas embedded in the Westerlies, the planetary winds that flow from west to east between 30° and 60° latitude. Consider the following statements with regard to the Western Disturbances

  1. They usually bring rain during January-February, which is always beneficial to the rabi crops
  2. In recent years these disturbances are linked to disasters in India
  3. The increased warming of the Tibetan Plateau in recent decades has increased the instability of the western disturbances

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3 

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

Statement 1 is incorrect

  1. The winter of 2019-2020 has seen severe western disturbances which have hurt the Rabi crops such as wheat, mustard, gram and fenugreek crops.

Statement 2 and 3 are correct

  1. In the past few years, western disturbances have been linked to disasters. The cloudburst in Leh in 2010, the floods and landslide in Uttarakhand in 2013 and the excessive rain in Jammu and Kashmir in 2014 were all linked to these disturbances.
  2. This year, as per the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the average rain received between March 1 and March 18 was 49.2 mm—197 per cent above normal. This caused severe damage to crops in several states of the country.
  3. According to another study, global warming is to be blamed. A study published in the January issue of Environment Research Letters, suggests that heating up of the Arctic has weakened the jet streams in the northern hemisphere.
  4. Similarly, a study by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune has found increased warming of the Tibetan Plateau in the recent decades which has increased the instability of the Westerlies and this has increased the variability of the western disturbances.