Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 08.04.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 08.04.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 08.04.22

Q1. Consider the following statements about the Food Fortification

1. Food fortification can help in mitigating the Hidden hunger and undernutrition
2. While rice and wheat can be fortified, edible oils and milk can not be fortified

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Fortified Rice To Be Part Of Food Schemes, Midday Meals

1. The Union Cabinet approved a programme to supply fortified rice in government-run food schemes in order to tackle malnutrition and poor health outcomes of a large section of the population, a person aware of the development said, requesting anonymity.
2. Fortified rice kernels are the basic ingredients that go into enriching rice with vitamins and minerals. In his 2021 Independence Day speech, the Prime Minister had announced that the government would distribute fortified rice to the poor via different schemes such as the public distribution systems (PDS) and midday meal programmes, in a bid to address the problem of malnutrition.
3. The fortified rice programme will especially target school children through the midday meal schemes, and women through the nationwide anganwadi network.
Statement 2 is incorrect:

Q2. Consider the following statements about the Rig Vedic society

1. Women had equal opportunities as men for their spiritual and intellectual development
2. There was no child marriage, and the practice of sati was absent
3. The social divisions were not as rigid as it was in the later Vedic period

Which of the above is/are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

1. The Rig Vedic society was patriarchal. The basic unit of society was family or graham. The head of the family was known as Grahapathi. Monogamy was generally practised while polygamy was prevalent among the royal and noble families.
2. The wife took care of the household and participated in all the major ceremonies. Women were given equal opportunities as men for their spiritual and intellectual development. (Hence statement 1 is correct)
3. There were women poets like Apala, Viswavara, Ghosa and Lopamudra during the Rig Vedic period. Women could even attend the popular assemblies.
4. There was no child marriage, and the practice of sati was absent. (Hence statement 2 is correct)
5. Both men and women wore upper and lower garments made of cotton and wool. Both men and women used a variety of ornaments.
6. Wheat and barley, milk and its products like curd and ghee, vegetables and fruits were the chief articles of food. The eating of cow’s meat was prohibited since it was a sacred animal. Chariot racing, horse racing, dicing, music and dance were the favourite pastimes.
7. The social divisions were not rigid during the Rig Vedic period as it was in the later Vedic period. (Hence statement 3 is correct)

Q3. Consider the following statements

1. The first Jain Council was convened at Pataliputra in 3rd century B.C.
2. The final compilation of Jain literature called Twelve Angas was completed in this council

Which of the above is/are incorrect?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

1. The first Jain Council was convened at Pataliputra by Sthulabahu, the leader of the Digambaras, at the beginning of the 3rd century B.C. (hence statement 1 is correct)
2. The second Jain Council was held at Valabhi in the 5th century A.D. The final compilation of Jain literature called Twelve Angas was completed in this council. (Hence statement 2 is incorrect)

Q4. Consider the following about the Fourth Buddhist Council

1. The fourth Buddhist Council was convened by Kanishka
2. Asvagosha was chairman of this council
3. The final version of Tripitakas was completed in this council

Which of the above is/are incorrect

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only

c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

1. The first Buddhist Council was held at Rajagriha under the chairmanship of Mahakasyapa immediately after the death of Buddha. Its purpose was to maintain the purity of the teachings of the Buddha.
2. The second Buddhist Council was convened at Vaishali around 383 B.C.
3. The third Buddhist Council was held at Pataliputra under the patronage of Asoka. Moggaliputta Tissa presided over it. The final version of Tripitakas was completed in this council.
4. The fourth Buddhist Council was convened in Kashmir by Kanishka under the chairmanship of Vasumitra. Asvagosha participated in this council.
5. The new school of Buddhism called Mahayana Buddhism came into existence during this council. The Buddhism preached by the Buddha and propagated by Asoka was known as Hinayana.
6. The Buddhist texts were collected and compiled some five hundred years after the death of the Buddha. They are known as the Tripitakas, namely the Sutta, the Vinaya and the Abhidhamma Pitakas. They are written in the Pali language.

Q5. The Transition from Hinayana to Mahayana includes

1. The gradual adoption of Pali in place of Sanskrit
2. Beginning of the practice of idol worship
3. Development of the concept of the Bodhisatta

Select the correct answer using the code given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

1. By the first century CE, there is evidence of changes in Buddhist ideas and practices. Early Buddhist teachings had given great importance to self-effort in achieving Nibbana. Besides, the Buddha was regarded as a human being who attained enlightenment and Nibbana through his own efforts.
2. However, gradually the idea of a saviour emerged. It was believed that he was the one who could ensure salvation. Simultaneously, the concept of Bodhisattvas also developed. Bodhisattvas were perceived as deeply compassionate beings who accumulated merit through their efforts but used this not to attain Nibbana and thereby abandon the world, but to help others. (Hence statement 3 is correct)
3. The worship of images of the Buddha and Bodhisattvas became an important part of this tradition. (Hence statement 2 is correct)
4. This new way of thinking was called Mahayana – literally, the “great vehicle”. Those who adopted these beliefs described the older tradition as Hinayana or the “lesser vehicle”.
5. With the emergence of the Mahayana, the use of Pali, the language of the masses as the language of Buddhism was given up from the 1st century A.D. It was replaced by Sanskrit.
(Hence Statement 1 is wrong)