Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 09.04.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 09.04.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 09.04.22

Q1. During the period of Mahajanapadas, there were some important changes in agriculture that greatly enhanced productivity and supported the second wave of urbanisation in India. Which of the following are those changes?

1. The growing use of iron ploughshares
2. The transplantation of paddy was started
3. Use of Persian wheel for irrigation

Select the correct answer using the code given below

a. 1 only
b. 1 and 2 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

1. About 2500 years ago, some Janapadas became more important than others and were known as Mahajanapadas.
2. There were two major changes in agriculture around this time. One was the growing use of iron ploughshares. This meant that heavy, clayey soil could be turned over better than with a wooden ploughshare so that more grain could be produced (Hence, statement 1 is correct).
3. Second, people began transplanting paddy. This meant that instead of scattering seed on the ground, from which plants would sprout, saplings were grown and then planted in the fields. This led to increased production, as many more plants survived. ( Hence, statement 2 is correct)

4. However, it was back-breaking work. Generally, slave men and women, (Dasas and Dasis) and landless agricultural labourers (Kammakaras) had to do this work.
5. This facilitated enormous food production which kick-started the second wave of Urbanisation.
6. The Persian wheel came to India in the Mediaeval period with the age of the Delhi Sultans (Hence, statement 3 is wrong).

Q2. Which of the following is the correct North to South order of the Mahajanapadas/Janapadas?

a. Gandhara, Kuru, Magadha, Kosala
b. Kuru, Gandhara, Magadha, Kosala
c. Kuru, Gandhara, Kosala, Magadha
d. Gandhara, Kuru, Kosala, Magadha

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Q3. Which of the following are part of the Sramana tradition?

1. Jainism
2. Yoga
3. Buddhism

Select the correct answer using the code given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

1. Sramana was an ancient Indian religious movement with origins in the Vedic religion. However, it took a divergent path, rejecting Vedic Hindu ritualism and the authority of the Brahmins—the traditional priests of the Hindu religion.
2. The Sramanas were those who practised an ascetic, or strict and self-denying lifestyle in pursuit of spiritual liberation. They are commonly known as monks.
3. The Sramana tradition gave rise to Jainism, Buddhism, and Yoga, and was responsible for the related concepts of saṃsāra (the cycle of birth and death) and moksha (liberation from that cycle). Hence all three are part of the Sramana Tradition.
4. Sramana, meaning “seeker,” was a tradition that began around 800-600 BCE when new philosophical groups, who believed in a more austere path to spiritual freedom, rejected the authority of the Brahmins (the priests of Vedic Hinduism). Modern Hinduism can be regarded as a combination of Vedic and Sramana traditions; it is substantially influenced by both.

Q4. A Rock-cut cave was carved at Barabar hills near Gaya in Bihar. The cave was donated by Ashoka for

a. Buddhist monks
b. Jain Ascetics
c. Ajivika sect
d. Nathpanthis

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

The Rock-cut cave carved at Barabar hills near Gaya in Bihar is known as the Lomus Rishi cave. The facade of the cave is decorated with the semicircular chaitya arch as the entrance. The elephant frieze carved in high relief on the chaitya arch shows considerable movement. The interior hall of this cave is rectangular with a circular chamber at the back. The entrance is located on the sidewall of the hall. The cave was donated by Ashoka for the Ajivika sect. Hence, the answer is C.

Q5. Consider the following statements about the Mauryan pillars

1. The Mauryan pillars were constructed in pieces by a mason
2. The Mauryan pillar capital found at Sarnath is our National Emblem.

Which of the above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. 1 and 2 both
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

1. The tradition of constructing pillars is ancient, and it may be observed that the erection of pillars was prevalent in the Achaemenid empire as well. But the Mauryan pillars are different from the Achaemenian pillars. The Mauryan pillars are rock-cut pillars, thus displaying the carver’s skills, whereas the Achaemenian pillars are constructed in pieces by a mason. Hence, statement 1 is wrong.
2. Stone pillars were erected by Ashoka, which have been found in the North Indian part of the Mauryan Empire with inscriptions engraved on them. The top portion of the pillar was carved with capital figures like the bull, the lion, the elephant etc. All the capital figures are vigorous and carved standing on a square or circular abacus. Abacuses are decorated with stylised lotuses. Some of the existing pillars with capital figures were found at Basarah-Bakhira, Lauriya Nandangarh and Rampurva in Bihar, Sankisa and Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh.
3. The Mauryan pillar capital found at Sarnath popularly known as the Lion Capital is the finest example of Mauryan sculptural tradition. It is also our national emblem. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

Q6. What is considered the primary purpose of the Monetary policy in India?

a. Maintain price stability while keeping in mind the objective of growth
b. Promoting growth
c. Bringing recovery after COVID-19 pandemic
d. Managing exchange rate

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Inflation worry for the economy
1. That recent event — notably Russia’s invasion of Ukraine — and the consequent spike in commodity costs will have an economic cost (and not just in India) is a given.
2. RBI’s latest estimate for GDP growth in India in 2022-23 is 7.2%, down from the 7.8% estimated in February. Even more worrying, though, is its inflation projection — an average of 5.7% in 2022-23, up from the 4.5% projected in February. Both estimates assume the average price of oil at $100 a barrel.
3. “Inflation is now projected to be higher, and growth projected to be lower than the assessment made in February,” said RBI governor Shaktikanta Das.
Accommodative to neutral
1. The unexpected downside risk to growth, and the consequent delay in the change in RBI’s stance from accommodative to neutral mean that interest rates will likely remain the same this calendar year — unless inflation has a nasty surprise in store.
2. That, in turn, will mean RBI has to be nimble with liquidity management to control inflation even as it focuses on growth, which, as Das repeatedly indicated, is the primary focus.
3. Improving consumer confidence could help the cause of consumption, and, as a result, growth — but the country can ill-afford any other jolt, external or internal, natural or manmade.
4. That could push growth below 7%; worse, it could accentuate the K-shaped recovery currently underway in the economy, and that could mean significant social and political costs.

Challenges facing the economy:
1. RBI’s recent policy announcements also highlight the macroeconomic challenges facing the government. The war in Ukraine and spiralling commodity prices come at a time when the Indian economy has most likely surpassed pre-pandemic levels but threatens to limit it to a lower-than-previouslyestimated trajectory.
2. The government may have to provide succour (in cash and kind) to both individuals and businesses even as it continues to do the heavy lifting in terms of capital spending.