Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 10.03.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 10.03.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 10.03.22

Q1. Which of the following commissions/committees are directly related to centre state relations?

1. Punchhi Commission
2. Sarkaria Commission
3. Gadgil Commission

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Governors must be fair in inviting CMs
 Governors often exercise discretion in deciding who to invite to form the government, especially in the case of close elections. They must be fair and judicious, and discharge their duty without fear or favor
 The post-poll decisions of the governors have invariably been challenged before the courts. So far, the courts have not interfered with the judgment exercised by the governors

Inviting a leader to form government: Sarkaria Commission’s principles
1. Article 164(1) of the Constitution empowers the governor to appoint a CM. Things are simple when one party wins a simple majority of seats in a state election. In such a case, the governor appoints the leader of the party as the CM.
2. The Sarkaria Commission’s principles concern situations when no political party emerges as a clear winner. In such cases, the commission recommended that the governor invite a political party leader to form the government in the following sequence.
 First, the leader of the largest pre-poll alliance,
 Then the single largest party with others in support, and
 Finally, post-poll coalitions.
3. The governor should select a leader who is most likely to command a majority in the assembly and then prove it on the floor of the legislature within 30 days.
Punchhi Commission
1. Over the years, many different recommendations have been given to bring more clarity and transparency to the judgment exercised by a governor in appointing the CM.
2. A report of the Committee of Governors in 1971 suggested the setting up of a special wing in the President’s Secretariat, which would communicate with the governors and bring uniformity in the treatment of similar situations.
3. The Justice Madan Mohan Punchhi Commission on Centre-state relations recommended in its 2010 report, amendments to the Constitution.
4. “In cases of narrow majorities, there are no uniformly accepted conventions and this can be remedied by adopting constitutional amendments, which lay down specific guidelines and approaches which ought to be followed by the Governor. This would result in greater clarity and certainty,” said the report.

Q2. Consider the following statements

1. Amid pandemic millions of students shifted to government-run schools in the 2020-21 academic year
2. Education is a state list subject under schedule seven of Indian constitution

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

In 1st Pandemic Year, 4 Million Moved To Govt Schools: Report

1. Close to four million students shifted to governmentrun schools in the 2020-21 academic year, according to a new ministry of education report, which captures how the pandemic affected learning and access to learning.
2. Overall, the enrolment of students in classes from preprimary to higher secondary dipped by 77,585 based on data collected via the government’s Unified District Information System for Education (UIDSE+).
3. The data shows the number of students in private schools decreased from 98 million in 2019-20 to 95 million in 2020-21 while enrolment in government schools rose by 3.97 million in the same period.

Q3. Consider the following statements

1. India imports significant amount of crude oil from Russia
2. As a country dependent on imported oil around 75% of India’s annual demand comes from outside

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

To reduce oil imports, focus on renewables
1. The United States has banned Russian oil imports, the United Kingdom has said it will phase them out by the end of the year, and the European Union has said it will work to reduce its dependence on Russian oil and gas over the next few years.
2. India imports very little of its oil (around 1.7% by some estimates) from Russia; but it is dependent on imports from West Asia, and as oil prices increase, and more countries seek to buy oil from the same buyers, India could find itself in a bind.
3. Already, its budgetary math is shot, and it is only a matter of time before inflation spikes (unless the country decides on drastic measures to manage the situation).

Oil Dependence:
1. As a country dependent on imported oil — around 75% of its annual demand comes from outside — India’s immediate- and medium-term response will decide its economic trajectory.
2. In the short term, India should push for long-term supply contracts with Russia at the discounted rates that Moscow has shown it is open to offers.
3. Irrespective of the optics of doing this, it is in our selfinterest to do so. Done immediately, and smartly, this may even insulate the economy from the bruising it seems set for in 2022-23.
4. But even as it does this, India should accelerate its impressive renewables push, perhaps bringing forward deadlines. Between the climate crisis and Russia’s ongoing invasion of Ukraine, India has very good reasons to double down on renewables.

Q4. Which of the following are imported by India from Russia?

1. Fertilisers
2. Sunflower oil
3. Defence equipments

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only

b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Panel to analyse the impact of sanctions on the economy
1. A top inter-ministerial panel has been formed to scrutinise a barrage of economic sanctions imposed by the West on Russia following its invasion of Ukraine and their likely impacts on India’s economy.
2. As the Ukraine conflict deepens, India has stepped up efforts to secure critical imports from Russia, particularly potassium chloride (popularly known as muriate of potash), a key fertiliser, and sunflower (edible) oil.
3. India fears disruption to supplies of muriate of potash ahead of its main summer-sown Kharif season could hobble its farm sector, which is a major source of income for half of India’s population.
Rupee-ruble bilateral payment system
1. The panel is scouring for avenues to set up a rupeeruble bilateral payment system to escape a wave of sanctions on Russia, which have crippled the former Soviet state’s financial system.
2. At least $400 million of payments and receivables by Indian exporters to Russia are stranded because the sanctions have cut off Russia’s ability to transact in dollars, the currency for international payments. Russian banks have been severed from a global payments highway known as SWIFT.