Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 11.06.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 11.06.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 11.06.22

 Q1. Pine island glacier and thwaites glacier are situated in

  1. Artic
  2. Antarctic
  3. Alaska
  4. Siberia

 Answer (b)

Explanation:

Q2. Consider the following statements about the Ancovax

  1. Ancovax can be used in dogs, lions, leopards, mice, and rabbits
  2. The vaccine can protect animals in the zoo
  3. India is the first country to develop COVID-19 vaccine for animals

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

 Answer (a)

Explanation:

India’s first Covid-19 vaccine for animals: why the need was felt

  • The Agriculture Ministry unveiled India’s first Covid-19 vaccine for animals. Developed by the Hisar-based National Research Centre on Equines, the vaccine, called Ancovax, can protect animals against the Delta and Omicron variants of SARS-CoV- 2
  • This is the first Covid-19 vaccine for animals developed in There were reports from Russia last year that that country, too, had developed a vaccine against animals such as dogs, cats, minks, and foxes.
  • Ancovax can be used in dogs, lions, leopards, mice, and It is an inactivated vaccine developed using an infectious part of the Delta variant. In addition, it uses Alhydrogel as an adjuvant to boost the immune response.
  • There have been reports of Covid-19 infection in several animals, including dogs and The vaccine can protect animals in the zoo. It can also prevent transmission from companion animals to humans.

Q3. They were the first to develop Cave temple architecture – Cave temples were built at Khandagiri and Kumaragiri in Kalinga, Indragiri and Chandragiri at Shravanabelagola, and Badami in Karnataka. They disdained the use of Sanskrit and adopted local languages for their sacred literature. They also helped in the development of local languages like Canarasi (Kannada) and Sauraseni (Marathi).

 

  1. Ajivikas
  2. Buddhist
  3. Lokayatas
  4. Jainas

 

Answer (d)

Explanation:

Contributions of Jainism in Art and Culture

  1. Development of local languages (Prakrit) -
    1. Mahavira taught in Ardhamagadhi (Modern Bihari or Magadhi language).
    2. All Jain scriptures were written in Prakrit.
    3. Badrabahu wrote Kalpasutras for Digambars in Prakrit.
    4. Canarasi (Kannada) and Sauraseni (Marathi) were developed.
  2. First to develop Cave temple architecture – Cave temples were built at Khandagiri and Kumaragiri in Kalinga, Indragiri and Chandragiri at Shravanabelagola, and Badami in Karnataka.

Because it was identified with the Brahmanical religion of the Vedas, reform movements such as Buddhism and Jainism disdained the use of Sanskrit and adopted literary languages of their own, Pāli in Buddhism and ardhamāgadhī (Prakrit) in Jainism.

 

Q4. Consider the following statements

  1. Puranas are secular literature
  2. The Purāṇas contain sagas of great heroic dynasties and with legends of saints and ascetics

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (b)

Explanation:

Purāṇas

Encyclopaedic works, often of considerable length, the Purāṇas deal with the mythology of time and space and of deities, with sagas of great heroic dynasties, and with legends of saints and ascetics; their interest is mostly religious. Aesthetically, the most important of them is the Bhāgavata-Purāṇa (9th or 10th century), which celebrates the blessed lord (bhagavat) Vishnu in his many theophanies but is particularly evocative in its celebration of Vishnu’s incarnation as Krishna and the playful story of his youth. The influence of the Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, particularly the 10th book, on Indian religion, art, and literature has been monumental.

 

Q5. Consider the following statements about the ethical works of Sangam Age

  1. All are affected by Jainism and Buddhism
  2. The most celebrated Tirukkuṟaḷ is written by Tiruvaḷḷuvar

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    1. 1 only
    2. 2 only
    3. Both 1 and 2
    4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (c)

Explanation:

Eighteen Ethical Works

The Patiṟeṇ-kīṟkkaṇakku (“Eighteen Ethical Works”), usually dated as post-Śaṅgam (4th–7th centuries), are all affected by Jainism and Buddhism. Of these, the Tirukkuṟaḷ (“Sacred Couplets”), ascribed to Tiruvaḷḷuvar, is the most celebrated. The Kuṟaḷ has three sections: aṟam, or virtue (Sanskrit dharma); poruḷ, government and society (Sanskrit artha); and kāmam, love (Sanskrit kāma).

 

Q6. Consider the following statements about the Indic writing systems

  1. Brahmi is the originator of most of the present Indian scripts
  2. It was deciphered in 1937 by James Princep
  3. Tamil and Malayalam scripts are not derived from it

 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

 

Answer (c)

Explanation:

Statement 1

Brāhmī, writing system ancestral to all Indian scripts except Kharoṣṭhī. Of Aramaic derivation or inspiration, it can be traced to the 8th or 7th century BC, when it may have been introduced to Indian merchants by people of Semitic origin. Brāhmī is semi alphabetic. In most cases, Brāhmī and its derivatives are written from left to right, but a coin of the 4th century BC, discovered in Madhya Pradesh, is inscribed with Brāhmī characters running from right to left. Among the many descendants of Brāhmī are Devanāgarī (used for Sanskrit, Hindi, and other Indian languages), the Bengali and Gujarati scripts, and those of the Dravidian languages.

 

Statement 2 is wrong. Princep deciphered brahmi in 1837. Not in 1937

Statement 3: Brahmi is the originator of most of the present Indian scripts, including Devanagari, Bengali, Tamil, and Malayalam etc. It developed into two broad types in Northern and Southern India, in the Northern one being more angular and the Southern one being more circular. It was deciphered in 1837 by James Princep. Its best examples are found in the rock-cut edicts of Asoka.