Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 11.12.21

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 11.12.21

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 11.12.21

Q1. Which of the following factors may make agriculture sustainable in the long term?

1. Use of renewable energy input
2. Traditional knowledge based agricultural operations
3. Low use of external inputs

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Long term sustainability of agriculture:
1. The Indian agriculture sector requires a balance between national development priorities and market linkages, and ensure long-term economic sustainability for those employed by it.
2. Wider coverage of minimum support prices could encourage farmers in Punjab and Haryana to switch from irrigation intensive, and expensive rice to a diverse crop pattern without compromising on the food staple.
3. Water abundant areas could adopt appropriate crops. To achieve an ecologically appropriate geographical spread of crops, the existing regional disparity in the sector needs to be addressed, by giving more state attention to regions and crops that are now in a shadow.
4. Enhancing agriculture incomes is a shared objective of all political parties, and it is most unfortunate that they are unable to put their heads together to achieve this.
5. The calm achieved by rightly repealing the three laws should be wisely used by the Centre to build a political consensus on the country’s agriculture sector.

Q2. Which of the following greenhouse gases are released into the atmosphere from agricultural practises?

1. Methane
2. Carbon dioxide
3. Nitrous oxide

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Q3. Which of the following are negative effects of current agricultural practises?

1. Loss of traditional knowledge

2. Declining soil fertility
3. Loss of soil biodiversity
4. Depletion of water resources

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 1, 2 and 3 only
c. 2, 3 and 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Q4. Which of the following is/are correctly matched?

Tiger Reserve State
1 Periyar Tiger Reserve Kerala
2  Panna Tiger Reserve Chhattisgarh
3 Similipal Tiger Reserve Odisha

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Panna Tiger Reserve is in MP.

Q5. National Chambal Sanctuary that covers Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh is involved in the conservation of

a. Olive ridley turtles
b. Vultures
c. Gharials
d. Great Indian Bustards

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Gharials of Gandak: A population back from the brink faces development pressure

Gandak river was identified as the fourth extant breeding site of gharials in the country, in addition to Chambal, Girwa and Ramganga rivers.

1. The population of gharials (Gavialis gangeticus), a crocodilian endemic to the Indian subcontinent, has gone up in the Gandak river in Bihar.
2. Three surveys in 2017 and 2018 recorded about 211 gharials of different age-groups present in the river, as compared to merely 15 recorded in 2010.
3. A joint conservation initiative between the Wildlife Trust of India and the Bihar Forest Department released captivebred gharials into the Gandak in 2014.
4. However, the thriving gharials are facing problems due to the Gandak barrage and fishing nets.
Indeed, the population of gharials has witnessed an upward spiral in the Gandak that now houses the second largest population in the country, after the river Chambal (National Chambal Sanctuary) stretch that covers Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, claim those involved in its conservation.

Q6. Which among the following are the benefits of Biodiversity Conservation?

1. Increases in agrobiodiversity
2. Reduces pollution
3. Facilitates Groundwater recharge

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only

d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

All of the above are correct. Given statements are services of plant biodiversity to the ecosystem.