Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 12.04.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 12.04.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 12.04.22

Q1. The Kessler Syndrome hypothesis is linked to

a. Meteorites
b. Asteroids
c. Black Holes
d. Space debris

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

The Kessler Syndrome is a phenomenon in which the amount of junk in orbit around Earth reaches a point where it just creates more and more space debris, causing big problems for satellites, astronauts and mission planners.

Q2. Which of the following countries is the biggest contributor to space debris?

a. Japan
b. USA
c. Russia
d. China

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

Q3. Consider the following statements about the State Energy and Climate Index (SECI)

1. It is released by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency
2. The Index aims to track the efforts made by States and UTs in the climate and energy sector

3. These parameters have been devised keeping in mind India’s goals for climate change and clean energy transition

Which of the above is/are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d.1,2 and 3

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

NITI puts out Energy and Climate Index list
1. Gujarat has topped the list for larger States in the NITI Aayog’s State Energy and Climate Index–Round 1 has ranked States and Union Territories (UTs) on six parameters including discoms’ performance, the energy efficiency and environmental sustainability.
2. The States have been categorised based on size and geographical differences as larger and smaller States and UTs. The index is based on 2019-20 data.
3. Gujarat, Kerala and Punjab have been ranked as the top three performers in the category of larger States, while Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh were the bottom three States.
4. Goa emerged as the top performer in the smaller States category followed by Tripura and Manipur. Among UTs, Chandigarh, Delhi and Daman & Diu/Dadra & Nagar Haveli are the top performers.

5. Punjab was the best performer in discom performance, while Kerala topped in the access, affordability and reliability category.
6. Haryana was the best performer in clean energy initiatives among larger States and Tamil Nadu in the energy efficiency category.
First step
1. “The State Energy and Climate Index (SECI) is the first index that aims to track the efforts made by States and UTs in the climate and energy sector...These parameters have been devised keeping in mind India’s goals for climate change and clean energy transition,” the report said.
2. It said the SECI is the first step in this journey where States can explore and benchmark themselves on various parameters. For instance, in terms of energy efficiency, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have done well while in terms of Discom’s performance, two small UTs — D&D and D&N — have done well.

Q4. Consider the following statements about the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)

1. It is released by the National Statistical Office (NSO)
2. The objective of PLFS is primarily to estimate the key employment and unemployment indicators on quarterly basis

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Considering the importance of availability of labour force data at more frequent time intervals, National Statistical Office (NSO) launched Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) in April 2017.
The objective of PLFS is primarily twofold:
 to estimate the key employment and unemployment indicators (viz. Worker Population Ratio, Labour Force Participation Rate, Unemployment Rate) in the short time interval of three months for the urban areas only in the ‘Current Weekly Status’ (CWS).
 to estimate employment and unemployment indicators in both ‘Usual Status’ (ps+ss) and CWS in both rural and urban areas annually.
(NEWS)
What will the country’s employment challenge look like going forward?
1. Recently, the National Statistical Office (NSO) released the quarterly bulletin of the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) report for the July-September 2021 period.
2. While quarterly PLFS reports only look at urban employment, the report had a sobering finding: the unemployment rate in this period was still higher than pre-pandemic levels despite the fact that GDP in the quarter ending September 2021 crossed pre-pandemic levels.