Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 13.12.21

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 13.12.21

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 13.12.21

Q1. Which of the following Chinese travellers came to India through silk route and returned through sea route at the end of 4th century AD?

a. Fa-Hien
b. Xuanzang
c. Yijing
d. Confucius

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Retracing Fa-Hien in the land of the Buddha

1. Sakyamuni Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment on his own accord. He became fully immersed in the bliss of Nirvaan — free from craving, greed, aversion, and fallacies.

2. The perfect embodiment of humanity, the Buddha, the most compassionate being, did not keep the secrets of the path of liberation to himself but shared them with the world.
3. His single purpose was to free humanity from suffering because everyone was born into the inescapable circles of pain and suffering. Buddha identified this as the “Noble Dukkha (suffering)”— the truest experience shared by all living beings.
4. Suffering ties us all, and the path to overcome makes us all seekers. Different faiths and doctrines administer their own path of liberation. The Buddha’s was one of such, which based human being and their experiences as a path towards the final goal.
5. This message spread without the assistance of a sword. The Wheel of Law—the Dhamma — spread wide. Monks from India carried the word of the Enlightened One to China around 150 CE. It received the patronage of kings, inviting curiosity among people in the far land of Han.
Fa-Hien
1. Thus, a Buddhist monk from China, Fa-Hien, decided to come to the land of the Buddha in 399/400 CE.
2. Authorised by the Han dynasty, Fa-Hien, he took the difficult journey while recording the experiences of a flourishing Buddhism from Central Asia to South Asia. FaHien reported with great detail all the Buddhist sites and symbols that he encountered.
3. Fourteen hundred years later, Alexander Cunningham, the father of India’s archaeology, followed Fa-Hien’s trails to uncover the sites.

4. Fa-Hien reported with details how the Buddhist kingdoms venerated the Buddha. Fa-Hien also wrote about the important moments in Buddhist history.
5. Buddhism was a State religion across the plains of India. Kings vied to make offerings and patronise monasteries. The places Buddha visited were revered.
6. The information Fa-Hien documents are crisp, yet has detailed precision. Fa-Hien learned new languages and transcribed alien cultures filled with Buddhist lores.
7. The purpose of Fa-Hien’s travels to the Buddha’s lands was to take with him the Vinaya-Pitaka — the code for good governance.
Fa-Hien is one of our most spiritual-scholarly connections to China who preserved Buddha’s Dhamma. It is to the credit of FaHien that we have records of our glorious history. Fa-Hien’s
ethnography has brought us closer to the vast Indian past. IndoChina relations have to be built on similar lines of mutual cooperation and strong history that don’t promote jingoistic nationalism but humanitarian universalism.

Q2. Buxa Tiger reserve is situated in the state of

a. West Bengal
b. Bihar
c. Assam
d. Sikkim

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Increase in prey base and forest cover: How Buxa tiger reserve turned a corner

1. An increase in the forest density and the big cat prey base, especially deer, had attracted a Royal Bengal tiger, a first such sighting in 23 years, to the Buxa reserve in Alipurduar district in north Bengal.
2. They believed that a favourable habitat at the tiger reserve would invite more tigers, which had migrated to neighbouring Bhutan. The state shares a contiguous range of the protected area with Bhutan.
3. The forest department has of late relentlessly tried to increase the density of the jungle. A herd of deer was introduced to the forest so that tigers could find their food from the jungle. The movement of human beings was restricted especially in the core tiger reserve. These measures led to success. As a result, tigers are now returning from Bhutan.

Q3. Consider the following statements

1. James webb telescope will orbit around sun
2. It will observe universe mainly in infrared wavelength

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Explained: Differences between Webb and Hubble telescopes Though Webb is often called the replacement for the Hubble Space Telescope, NASA said it prefers to call it a successor. Launched into low Earth orbit in 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope has made more than 1.4 million observations, including tracking interstellar objects, capturing a comet colliding with Jupiter, and discovering moons around Pluto. Hubble has captured galaxies merging, probed supermassive black holes and has helped us understand the history of our universe.

The major differences between Webb and the Hubble Telescope
1. Wavelength: The James Webb Space Telescope, carrying four scientific instruments, will observe primarily in the infrared range. The instruments on Hubble see mainly in the ultraviolet and visible part of the spectrum.
2. Size comparisons: Webb’s primary mirror has a diameter of 6.5 metres. Hubble’s mirror was much smaller – 2.4 metres in diameter. So, Webb will have a larger field of view compared to the camera on Hubble.
3. Orbit: Hubble orbits around the Earth at an altitude of ~570 km. Webb will not orbit the Earth. It will orbit the sun at about 1.5 million kilometres away from Earth. As the Earth orbits the Sun, Webb will orbit with it – but it will stay fixed in the same spot with relation to the Earth and the Sun.
How far will Webb see?
1. NASA says, “Hubble can see the equivalent of “toddler galaxies” and Webb Telescope will be able to see “baby galaxies”.” Webb’s near- and mid-infrared instruments will help study the first formed galaxies, exoplanets and birth of stars.

Q4. Consider the following statements

1. Kedarnath singh vs State of Bihar
2. Section 124 A of IPC

Above mentioned law and case are linked to

a. Sedition
b. Hate Speech
c. Contempt of Court
d. Defamation

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

SC has taken note of Section 124A misuse

1. Union Law Minister’s reply in Parliament that there is no proposal to scrap sedition charge from the Indian Penal Code comes almost five months after Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana made scathing remarks in open court to the Government about the chilling effect of the “colonial law”, which suppresses the freedoms of ordinary people.
2. The CJI compared the use of sedition charge (Section 124A of the IPC) to a tool given to a carpenter “to cut a piece of wood and he uses it to cut the entire forest itself”.
3. The CJI wondered why a democracy needed such a law that was used by the British to imprison Mahatma Gandhi and Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
4. The CJI’s observations in court make it apparent that the highest court has taken judicial notice of the misuse of the sedition provision by the State.
5. The observations were made by the CJI during court proceedings of the court. Oral observations made during a court hearing, though not part of a formal order or judgment, reflect the constitutional court’s line of thinking.

6. Besides, the 2015 judgment of the Supreme Court in the Shreya Singhal case had called for the striking down of vague laws which choke free speech and shackle personal liberty.

Q5. In which among the following states would you find the Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollem National Park?

a. Maharashtra
b. Goa
c. Karnataka
d. Odisha

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

Citing ecosystem, Supreme Court panel red-flags Goa rail project; for tweaks in power, road plans
1. Raising serious environmental concerns, the Supreme Court’s Central Empowerment Committee (CEC) has redflagged a key rail expansion push in Goa and recommended crucial changes to two other proposed projects — a highway and a power transmission line — in the state.
2. These projects had been cleared by the Centre last year despite concerns being raised at various levels since they would cut through the Bhagwan Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary (BMWS) and the Mollem National Park (MNP) in South Goa.
3. In its report dated April 23, the CEC said that it does not find any justification in doubling the railway track from Castle Rock in Karnataka to Kulem in Goa as it “will destroy the fragile eco-system of the Western Ghats which is an internationally recognised biodiversity hotspot and also one of the most important wildlife corridors of the country”
Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary
1. Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary is located in South Eastern Goa and constitutes one of the vital corridors of the Western Ghats.
2. It is bounded by Cotigao wildlife sanctuary on the eastern side and Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollem National Park on the northern side.
3. Netravali is an important tributary of River Zuari, which originates in the sanctuary.
4. A black panther was spotted in Netravali Sanctuary.

Q6. Consider the following statements with regards to Lonar Lake

1. It is a Ramsar wetland
2. It is a meteoritic impact crater lake
3. It comes within the Melghat Tiger Reserve

Which among the following statements is/are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

All statements are correct.
The Lonar Lake in Maharashtra and Sur Sarovar, also known as Keetham lake, in Agra, have been added to the list of recognised Ramsar sites. The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat is a treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of such sites.