Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 16.03.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 16.03.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 16.03.22

Q1. Consider the following statements about the Indus Civilisation

1. The Indus Civilisation represents the first phase of urbanisation in India
2. During this time several cultures, namely, Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures prevailed in other parts of India

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

The Indus Civilisation represents the first phase of urbanization in India. While the civilisation was at its peak, several cultures, namely, Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures that we discussed earlier in the chapter, prevailed in other parts of India.

Q2. Consider the following statements about the Indus Civilisation

1. The civilisation that appeared in the north- western part of India and Pakistan in the third millennium BCE
2. This Urban civilization appeared all of a sudden
3. The beginnings of the Neolithic villages in this region go back to about 7000 BCE at the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Nomenclature, Phases and Chronology
 The civilisation that appeared in the north- western part of India and Pakistan in the third millennium BCE is collectively called the Indus Civilisation. Since Harappa was the first site to be identified in this civilisation, it is also known as Harappan Civilisation.
 This civilization did not appear all of a sudden. The beginnings of the Neolithic villages in this region go back to about 7000 BCE at the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh.

Q3. Consider the following statements about the Harappan Culture

1. From the very beginning, it was urban in nature till its end
2. The beginnings of the Neolithic villages in the Indus region predates the mature harappan phase

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

Nomenclature, Phases and Chronology
 The civilisation that appeared in the northwestern part of India and Pakistan in the third millennium BCE is collectively called the Indus Civilisation. Since Harappa was the first site to be identified in this civilisation, it is also known as Harappan Civilisation.
 This civilization did not appear all of a sudden. The beginnings of the Neolithic villages in this region go back to about 7000 BCE at the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh.
Harappan culture is divided into various phases:

The urban phase was prevalent in the Mature Harappan period and began to decline afterwards.
The Indus region (Mehrgarh) is one of the areas of the world where agriculture and animal domestication began very early. We do not know if there is any continuity between the Neolithic cultures of the Indus region and the later urban civilization. The early Harappan phase saw the development of villages and towns in the entire region. In the Mature Harappan phase, urban centres developed.

Q4. Which of the following Harappan Civilization sites is/are in India?

1. Kalibangan
2. Mohenjo Daro
3. Harappa
4. Lothal
5. RakhiGarhi
6. Dholavira

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 2, 4 and 5 only
b. 1, 4, 5 and 6 only
c. 2, 3, 4 and 6 only
d. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

After the partition of the Indian subcontinent, many of the Harappan sites went to Pakistan and thus archaeologists were keen to trace the Harappan sites on the Indian side. Kalibangan, Lothal, RakhiGarhi and Dholavira are the Indian sites that have been since excavated. The explorations and excavations conducted after the 1950s have helped to understand the Harappan Civilisation and its nature.

Q5. Consider the following statements

1. The highest indebtedness among farmers is in the state of Maharashtra
2. At all Indian levels, farmer indebtedness has decreased in the last five years

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Farmers’ debt rose 53% in 6 years, Centre tells RS
Farmers’ debts increased 53% over the past six years, the Union Finance Ministry told the Rajya Sabha.

Agricultural loans
1. In 2020-21, outstanding agricultural loans for scheduled commercial banks amounted to more than ₹18.4 lakh crore, in comparison to ₹12 lakh crore in 2015-16, with the number of farmers’ accounts holding such debts also growing from 6.9 crores to more than 10 crores.
2. The Government listed various initiatives taken to reduce the debt burden, including interest subvention schemes, collateral-free agricultural loans for small farmers and income support and farm insurance schemes, noting that efforts had been made to bring farmers into the fold of institutional credit rather than leaving them at the mercy of informal loans.
The debt burden is highest in Maharashtra
1. The growth of farmers’ debt burden is highest in Maharashtra, with a whopping 116% increase in the outstanding amounts due over the six-year period.
2. In absolute terms as well, Maharashtra farmers owe the highest amount of ₹5.5 lakh crore by way of agricultural loans. Incidentally, the State also consistently has the largest number of farmer suicides, as recorded by the National Crime Records Bureau.