Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 21.03.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 21.03.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 21.03.22

Q1. Consider the following statements

1. Historically, Asiatic cheetahs had an extensive distribution in India
2. Their occurrence is confirmed from as far north as Punjab to the Tirunelveli district in Tamil Nadu and from Gujarat and Rajasthan in the west to Bengal in the east
3. The cheetah favoured only habitats like the dense forest

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

The complexities of introducing African cheetahs to India
Why are environmentalists upset with the plan to bring vulnerable big cats from the African savanna to Kuno national park in M.P.?

Historical Range and Habitat:
1. Historically, Asiatic cheetahs had an extensive distribution in India. There are authentic reports of their occurrence from as far north as Punjab to the Tirunelveli district in Tamil Nadu and from Gujarat and Rajasthan in the west to Bengal in the east.
2. The cheetah’s habitat was also diverse, favouring the more open habitats: scrub forests, dry grasslands, savannas and other arid and semi-arid open habitats.
3. In Iran, the last surviving population of wild Asiatic cheetahs are found in hilly terrain, foothills and rocky valleys within a desert ecosystem.

Q2. Which of the following factors are responsible for extinction of cheetahs in India?

1. The consistent and widespread capture of cheetahs from the wild over centuries
2. Its reduced levels of genetic heterogeneity
3. High infant mortality in the wild
4. Its inability to breed in captivity
5. ‘Sport’ hunting and bounty killings

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 4 only
b. 2, 3, 4 and 5 only
c. 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
d. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Reasons of Extinction (in India) of Asiatic Cheetah:
1. The consistent and widespread capture of cheetahs from the wild over centuries,
2. Its reduced levels of genetic heterogeneity due to a historical genetic bottleneck resulting in reduced fecundity and high infant mortality in the wild,
3. Its inability to breed in captivity,
4. ‘Sport’ hunting and bounty killings

Q3. Which of the following species can play the role of top predator in open forest and savanna systems?

1. Cheetah
2. Lion
3. Leopard

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 2 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Aims of reintroduction:
1. The cheetah is all set to return with the Union Government launching an action plan. According to the plan, about 50 of these big cats will be introduced in the next five years, from the Africa savannas, home to cheetahs, an endangered species.
2. The main goals of the cheetah Action plan are to make cheetahs perform their functional role as a top predator and to use the cheetah to restore open forest and savanna systems. Both of which are already being done by extant species like the Asiatic lion and the leopard.
3. Another goal is to enhance India’s capacity to sequester carbon through ecosystem restoration activities in cheetah conservation areas and thereby contribute towards the global climate change mitigation goals.

Q4. Which of the following National Parks has been chosen for Cheetah reintroduction in India?

a. Kanha kisli national park
b. Kuno national park
c. Bandhavgarh national park
d. Panna national park

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

Q5. Which of the following countries are part of the Arctic council?

1. Russia
2. Norway
3. Canada
4. Britain
5. Iceland

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 4 only
b. 2, 3, 4 and 5 only
c. 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
d. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

What India’s Arctic policy aims to do
India recently unveiled its Arctic policy. The document lays down six pillars of engagement:

 Science and research;
 climate and environmental protection;
 economic and human development;
 transportation and connectivity;
 governance and international cooperation; and
 national capacity building.

In sum, it expresses India’s intent and readiness to “play its part and contribute to the global good” by involving “all stakeholders including academia; the research community; and business and industry.”
Polar legacy:
The 27-page policy marks a culmination of India’s polar legacy — ,,
 the long years of participation and expertise in the Antarctic Treaty System, to which India acceded in 1983;
 the first scientific expedition to the Arctic Ocean in 2007, followed a year later by the setting up of the Arctic research station (Himadri) in the Svalbard archipelago;
 and subsequently its election to the Council of the International Arctic Science Committee in 2012 before being granted Permanent Observer status in the Arctic Council in 2013 along with other Asian States, China, Japan, Singapore and South Korea.

Q6. Which of the following countries border the South China sea?

1. Vietnam
2. Malaysia
3. Myanmar
4. Australia

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 4 only
b. 1 and 2 only
c. 1, 2 and 3 only
d. 3 and 4 only

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

Q7. Consider the following statements

1. Cash circulation in India as cash to GDP ratio has increased after the pandemic
2. Cash circulation in India (Cash/GDP) is the highest in the world

Which of the above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?