Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 22.03.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 22.03.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 22.03.22

Q1. Which of the following are correctly matched ?

Global Partnership Members
1 The Reciprocal Access Agreement (RAA) Australia-Japan
2 AUKUS Australia-USA-UK
3 Three Seas Initiative India-UAE

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 2 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Japan, Australia are forging a new security paradigm in Asia. India should take note
 Japan and Australia made their latest gambit on the Asian chessboard this January. They signed a landmark defence treaty — the Reciprocal Access Agreement (RAA) — that is likely to reshape the regional power balance.
 By laying the groundwork, RAA paves the way for a new era of defence cooperation between Tokyo and Canberra.

The Reciprocal Access Agreement (RAA)
1. The moving force behind this agreement has been China’s aggression in the Indo-Pacific. While Japan has faced military pressure from Beijing in the disputed Senkaku Islands, Australia has found itself in Chinese President Xi Jinping’s detention room as both sides have locked horns in a tussle over China’s embargo on select Australian goods.
2. Tokyo and Canberra have also watched warily as Chinese air squadrons try to intimidate Taiwan. A defence treaty that prepares Japan and Australia for military contingencies is a significant development.

Q2. Consider the following statements

1. India has 16% of the world’s population, but only 4% of its freshwater resources
2. Nearly 80% of our freshwater resources are used for agriculture

Which of the above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Groundwater: India is on the right preservation path
 India has 16% of the world’s population, but only 4% of its freshwater resources. Given our existing consumption patterns, including rampant groundwater extraction, estimates suggest that by 2030, we will only have half of the water we need.
 While the technology to commercially produce freshwater from the oceans or out of the atmosphere is not yet entirely viable, a crisis of this magnitude does require sustained investment in innovation and technology to improve the management efficiency of our water resources.
 Fortunately, there is growing evidence that India is on the path to giving water the priority it deserves.
Usage of water:
 Nearly 80% of our freshwater resources are used for agriculture, about 8% in industries, and about 6% for domestic usage.

 With over 50% of our population dependent on agriculture, farming, and horticulture, depletion of water supply could potentially threaten the nation’s food security.

Q3. Consider the following statements with regard to the National Project on Aquifer Management (NAQUIM)

1. It aims to provide comprehensive and realistic information on groundwater resources in different hydro-geological settings in real-time
2. This can help prepare, implement, and monitor the efficacy of various management interventions

Which of the above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Innovative water conservation projects:
In such a scenario, spotting, supporting, and scaling up some of the promising innovations at the grassroots level can be a viable strategy for the country.
National Project on Aquifer Management (NAQUIM)
1. Take for example the government’s National Project on Aquifer Management (NAQUIM), which aims to provide comprehensive and realistic information on groundwater resources in different hydro-geological settings in real-time.
2. This can help prepare, implement, and monitor the efficacy of various management interventions, which, in turn, can help achieve drinking water security, improved irrigation facilities and sustainability in water resources development.

Q4. The Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project is situated in state of

a. Telangana
b. Andhra Pradesh
c. Karnataka
d. Kerala

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

The Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project:
1. The Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project on the Godavari in Telangana is the world’s largest and India’s first multipurpose, multi-stage lift irrigation project with an IT-enabled water management system being used for full-scale irrigation.
2. The state government has deployed a decision-support system with a real-time assessment of water availability, demand and inflow forecast to provide planning and operational schedules for pumps and reservoirs.
3. The system automatically determines the pump operations and executes irrigation without human intervention.
4. The project has increased the irrigated area by 2,251 hectares (total irrigation potential of 7,38,851 hectares) and has enabled farmers to reap multiple crops with a year-round supply of water as against dependence on rain.

Q5. Consider the following statements with regard to Pusa’s Hydrogel

1. It is a biodegradable cellulose-based hydrogel that absorbs water 300 times its size 

2. During water-less or drought conditions, it helps plant roots use the water it has retained

Which of the above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Pusa’s Hydrogel:
Another interesting innovation is the Indian Agricultural Research Institute’s Pusa hydrogel – a biodegradable cellulose-based hydrogel that absorbs water 300 times its size. During water-less or drought conditions, it helps plant roots use the water it has retained.

Q6. Consider the following statements with regard to wet-bulb temperature

1. A wet-bulb temperature is a measure that combines heat and humidity
2. A wet-bulb temperature of 31°C is hazardous
3. All Indian states may have regions that experience wet-bulb temperatures up to 30°C or more in 2022

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

India must build its heat resilience now
1. Delhi recorded its warmest march day of 2022, with temperatures soaring to 38.3 degrees Celsius — eight degrees above normal for this time of the year.
2. Other parts of the north-western plains and coastal areas also faced searing heat last week.
High temperature and repercussions:
1. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report warned that all Indian states will have regions that experience wet-bulb temperatures up to 30°C or more.
2. A wet-bulb temperature — a measure that combines heat and humidity — of 31°C is hazardous. This will have severe implications: It will disturb cropping patterns, livestock health, and crimp the productivity of farmers, labourers and factory workers.
3. India has already shown the largest heat exposure impacts on heavy labour (more than 101 billion hours lost per year).
Heat Action Plan since 2016
1. India has had a Heat Action Plan since 2016, which focuses on community outreach and early warning systems, capacitybuilding of health care workers, and addressing vulnerable groups.
2. To build heat resilience, all states must follow their local plans. But this is not happening.
3. States also need to review their development plans, push for thermally comfortable housing and ensure that cities and towns don’t become heat deaths traps, invest in green and blue infrastructure, and decarbonise the transportation sector.
4. The poorest and the most vulnerable will be hit the hardest. Governments must do more.