Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 23.11.21

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 23.11.21

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 23.11.21

Q1. Consider the following statements about fertilizer usage in India

1. There is imbalanced use of fertilizers tilted towards high usage of Urea
2. Water and air pollution are caused by fertilizers like urea
3. Only non-nitrogenous fertilizers are part of the Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) subsidy program of the government

Select the correct answer from the codes given Below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 only

c. 1 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Reforming the fertilizer sector
In order to address the multiple goals of fertilizer policy, India needs to work on four key areas
1.Since 1991, when economic reforms began in India, several attempts have been made to reform the fertilizer sector to keep a check on the rising fertilizer subsidy bill,
2. promote the efficient use of fertilizers,
3. achieve balanced use of N, P and K (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium),
4. and reduce water and air pollution caused by fertilizers like urea.

Lingering issues:
1. Concerned with the adverse environmental impact of certain chemical fertilizers, some sections of society suggest the use of organic fertilizers and biofertilizers instead.
2. There is a growing demand to provide subsidies and other incentives for organic fertilizers and biofertilizers to match those provided for chemical fertilizers.
3. The government introduced the Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) in 2010 to address the growing imbalance in fertilizer use in many States, which is skewed towards urea (N). However, only nonnitrogenous fertilizers (P and K) moved to NBS; urea was left out.
4. The international prices of fertilizers are volatile and almost directly proportional to energy prices. Besides, cartels of major global producers have a strong influence on prices.
5. In order to minimise the impact of rising prices on farmers, the bulk of the price rise is absorbed by the government through enhanced fertilizer subsidies. This is likely to create serious fiscal challenges.

Q2. Recently IFFCO launched Nano Urea liquid. What are possible benefits of using liquid Urea?

1. Reduces input cost to agriculture
2.Environment friendly
3. Cheaper than conventional Urea
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 only
c. 1 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Q3. Which of the following rivers are situated predominantly in the state of Kerala?

1.Vaigai
2.Periyar
3. Bharathapuzha

Select the correct answer from the codes given Below

a. 1 and 2 only

b. 2 only
c. 1 only
d. 2 and 3 only

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Q4. Idukki and Mullaperiyar Dam are situated in the state of

a. Kerala
b. Karnataka
c. Tamilnadu
d. Telangana

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

SC to hear Mullaperiyar dam case on Dec. 10

1. The Supreme Court agreed to expeditiously and comprehensively hear questions on the safety and maintenance of the 126-year-old Mullaperiyar dam, especially during heavy rain.
2. The court said the diverse petitions filed on the various aspects of safety, maintenance of the dam and security of the people living near it should be heard comprehensively.

3. The Tamil Nadu Government has so far stood firm by its position in the court that the dam is “hydrologically, structurally and seismically safe”. A “social media campaign” was on in Kerala against the dam, it had said.

Q5. Consider the following statements

1. Nuclear submarines can stay at sea for longer period of time
2. Under the AUKUS deal, Australia would obtain state-of-the-art nuclear-powered submarines

Which of the above are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

They can stay submerged for as long as they have supplies of food for the crew, usually about 90 days. The subs make their own fresh water and oxygen/air systems and electrical supply. For as long as the food holds out. A nuclear powered sub doesn't need fuel, and makes its own fresh air and water.
Australia signs sub deal with U.S., U.K.
1. Australia formally embarked on a hotly contested programme to equip its Navy with nuclear-powered submarines in a new defence alliance with Britain and the United States.

2. It is the first agreement on the technology to be publicly signed since the three countries announced the formation of a defence alliance, AUKUS, to confront strategic tensions in the Pacific where China-US rivalry is growing.
3. The deal will help Australia to complete an 18- month study into the submarine procurement.
4. Details of the procurement have yet to be decided, including whether Australia will opt for a vessel based on U.S. or British nuclearpowered attack submarines.
5. Under the AUKUS deal, Australia would obtain eight state-of-the-art, nuclear-powered but conventionally armed submarines capable of stealthy, long-range missions.