Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 24.02.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 24.02.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 24.02.22

Q1. Consider the following statements

1. Gross enrolment ratio in higher education in India is below 20 percent
2. Female Gross enrolment ratio in higher education in India is below 10 percent

Which of the above is/are incorrect?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Gross enrolment ratio in higher education recorded at 27.1 percent in 2019-20, slightly higher from 26.3 percent in 2018-19. For males, it has also increased from 26.3 percent in 2018-19 to 26.9 percent in 2019-20 while for females it has increased from 26.4 percent to 27.3 percent respectively

Q2. Consider the following statements

1. The National Health Policy, 2017 envisaged to increase government’s health expenditure to 2.5 percent of GDP by 2025
2. Central and State Governments’ budgeted expenditure on the health sector reached 2.1 percent of GDP in 2021-22

Which of the above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

The National Health Policy, 2017 envisaged increasing the government’s health expenditure to 2.5 percent of GDP by 2025. In keeping with this objective, Central and State Governments’ budgeted expenditure on the health sector reached 2.1 percent of GDP in 2021-22, against 1.3 percent in 2019-20.

Q3. Consider the following statements

1. Sugar industry is the country’s second largest agro-based industry, next to cotton
2. India is the largest producer of sugar in the world

Which of the above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Significance of sugarcane and sugar industry for India’s economy can be gauged from the fact that it is the country’s second largest agro-based industry, next to cotton. It impacts the livelihood of over 5 crore farmers and their dependents. India is the largest consumer and the second-largest producer of sugar in the world. Average annual production of sugarcane is around 35.5 crore tonnes which is used to produce around 3 crore tonnes of sugar. The domestic consumption is estimated to be around 2.6 crore tonnes in 2020-21. Over the years, India has become a sugar surplus nation as reflected from the trend of sugar production and consumption. Since 2010-11, production has outstripped consumption except in 2016-17.

Q4. Which of the following are the main activities and interests of NITI Ayog?

1. Policy and Programme Framework
2. Cooperative Federalism
3. Monitoring and Evaluation
4. Think Tank, and Knowledge and Innovation Hub

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 1, 2 and 3 only
c. 2, 3 and 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

NITI Aayog is developing itself as a state-of-the-art resource centre with the necessary knowledge and skills that will enable it to act with speed, promote research and innovation, provide strategic policy vision for the government, and deal with contingent issues. It is supported by two attached offices—Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Development Monitoring and Evaluation Organisation (DMEO)—and an autonomous body, the National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development (NILERD).
NITI Aayog’s entire gamut of activities can be divided into four main heads:
1. Policy and Programme Framework
2. Cooperative Federalism
3. Monitoring and Evaluation
4. Think Tank, and Knowledge and Innovation Hub

Q5. Since the liberalisation of the Indian Economy in 1991, the share of the tertiary sector in the total GDP of India has

a. shown an increasing trend
b. shown a decreasing trend
c. remained constant
d. been fluctuating a lot

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Tertiary sector includes Financial, real estate & professional services, Public Administration, defence and other services, trade, hotels, transport, communication and services related to broadcasting. This sector is also known as the tertiary sector of the economy. Currently, this sector is the backbone of the Indian economy and contributes around 54.3% of the Indian GDP in 2018-19 from 39 per cent in 1991.