Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 26.03.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 26.03.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 26.03.22

Q1. Arrange the following sources of renewable power in terms of their installed capacity (in GigaWatts) in India starting from lowest to highest

1. Large hydro
2. Solar
3. Wind energy
4. Biopower

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1, 4, 2, 3
b. 4, 3, 1, 2
c. 3, 4, 2, 1
d. 4, 1, 3, 2

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

As told to Parliament (March 22, 2022): India has installed renewable energy projects of 152 GW capacity
1. The government has installed renewable energy projects of 152.90 gigawatts (GW) capacity as of February 2022.
2. This includes 50.78 GW from solar, 40.13 GW from wind, 10.63 GW from bio-power, 4.84 GW from small hydropower and 46.52 GW from large hydropower.

Q2. Recently seen in news a lot during 2020-22, Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) is linked to

a. Flue gas desulphurisation (FGD)
b. Method to clear Nuclear waste

c. Oxygen generation plants
d. New pollution controlling device mandated in diesel vehicle

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Oxygen plants
1. The government has sanctioned 1,561 Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) oxygen generation plants.
2. These include 1,225 PSA plants that have been installed and commissioned under the PM CARES Fund in every district of India. Additionally, 336 PSA plants were to be set up by PSUs under various Union ministries including petroleum and natural gas, power, coal, railways, etc.

Q3. Which of the following are possible uses of KISAN DRONES?

1. Crop assessment,
2. Digitisation of land records
3. Spraying of insecticides and nutrients
4. Desert locust control

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1, 2 and 3
b. 2, 3 and 4
c. 1, 2 and 4
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

1. The Department of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare (DA&FW) used drones for the first time in 2020-21 for desert locust control.
2. The Union Ministry of Civil Aviation notified the liberalised Drone Rules, in 2021, to promote the use of drone technology in India.
3. The DA&FW released the standard operating procedures for drone use in agriculture for pesticide and nutrient application, which provide concise instructions for effective and safe operations of agricultural drones.
4. The government has also announced in the recent budget that the use of Kisan drones will be promoted for crop assessment, digitisation of land records and spraying of insecticides and nutrients.

Q4. Consider the following statements

1. Rice and wheat are considered nutri cereals
2. The National Food Security Mission (NFMS) programme covers Nutri cereals

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Millets as superfood

1. The production of millets in India has increased to 18.02 million tonnes in 2020-21, from 17.26 million tonnes during 2019-20.
2. The NFSM-Nutri Cereals scheme is being implemented in 212 districts of 14 states under the National Food Security Mission (NFMS) programme, Tomar said.
Millets are group of small grained cereal food crops which are highly tolerant to drought and other extreme weather conditions and are grown with low chemical inputs such as fertilizers and pesticides. Most of millet crops are native of India and are popularly known as Nutri-cereals as they provide most of the nutrients required for normal functioning of human body. Millets are classified into Major Millets and Minor Millets based on their grain size. Pseudo millets are so called because they are not part of the Poaceae botanical family, to which ‘true’ grains belong, however they are nutritionally similar and used in similar ways to ‘true’ grains.
Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has recognized the importance of Millets and declared Millets comprising of Sorghum (Jowar), Pearl Millet (Bajra), Finger Millet (Ragi/Mandua), Minor Millets i.e., Foxtail Millet (Kanngani/kakun), Proso Millet (Cheena), Kodo Millet (Kodo), Barnyard Millet (Sawa/Sanwa/Jhangora), Little Millet (Kutki), Brown top millet and two pseudo millets i.e., Buck- wheat (Kuttu), Amaranth (Chaulai)) as “Nutri-Cereals” for production, consumption and trade point of view.
Millets are gluten free and non- allergenic. Millet consumption decreases triglycerides and C- reactive protein, thereby preventing cardiovascular disease. All millets are rich in dietary fibre. Dietary fibre has water absorbing and bulking property. It increases transit time of food in the gut which helps in reducing risk of inflammatory bowel disease and acts as detoxifying agent in the body.