Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 26.04.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 26.04.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 26.04.22

Q1. Consider the following statements with regard to the All-India Household Consumer Expenditure Survey 2011

1. The survey showed that average urban Monthly Per Capita Consumer Expenditure (MPCE) was higher than average rural MPCE for the country as a whole
2. The Rural Indian household spent less on food compared to the urban households
3. The Rural household spending less on education compared to an urban household

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

The All-India Household Consumer Expenditure Survey:
1. India’s official statistical machinery is gearing up to relaunch the All-India Household Consumer Expenditure Survey, traditionally undertaken quinquennially, from July 2022. If it fructifies, the result may be known towards the latter half of 2024.

2. Of equal import is providing data comparable with past numbers while factoring in changes in consumption patterns.
3. The absence of official data on such a critical aspect of the economy — used to estimate poverty levels, rebase GDP, and make private investment decisions — for over a decade, is damaging to India.
Data for governance:
1. Being a free-market and transparent democracy distinguished India from the likes of China where official data are read with a pinch of salt. The Government’s actions, including the delayed release of critical jobs data, have dulled that perception.
2. If anything, such Surveys need to be conducted more frequently for more effective policy actions informed by ground realities, no matter how unpleasant they may be.
3. Now, imperfect proxies are deployed to gauge the economy, surmises made about the extinction of extreme poverty, and outlays are tom-tommed without evidence on outcomes.
4. The NSO must be empowered to collect and disseminate more data points, without fear of insinuations about its abilities, or a looming axe on its regular Surveys.
Previous 2011 Survey:
1. The survey showed that average urban MPCE (at Rs 2,630) was about 84% higher than average rural MPCE (Rs 1,430) for the country as a whole.
2. Food accounted for about 53% of the value of the average rural Indian household’s consumption during 2011-12, in the case of urban households it accounted for only 42.6% of the average consumption budget.

3. Average protein intake per capita per day was seen to rise steadily with MPCE levels in rural India from 43 g for the bottom 5% of population ranked by MPCE to 91 g for the top 5%, and in urban India from 44 g for the bottom 5% to about 87 g for the top 5%.
4. Education accounted for 3.5% of the rural household’s average spending, an urban household spent almost 7% of its monthly consumption budget on it.

Q2. 'Master of Roster' is the privilege of

a. Chief Justice of India
b. Collegium
c. Chief Secretary of law Ministry
d. Chief Justice of India and Second senior most Judge

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

'Master of Roster' refers to the privilege of the Chief Justice to constitute Benches to hear cases. Be it the Chief Justice of India or Chief Justice of any high court it is he or she who heads the administrative side. This includes allocation of matters before a judge as well.

Q3. Consider the following statements with regard to the global military spending in 2021 published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)

1. The U.S. and China alone accounted for 52%
2. India’s military spending ranked second highest in the world

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

India 3rd the highest military spender
1. World military spending continued to grow in 2021, reaching a record $2.1 trillion despite the economic fallout of the pandemic, according to new data on global military spending published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
2. The five largest spenders in 2021 were the U.S., China, India, the U.K. and Russia, together accounting for 62% of expenditure. The U.S. and China alone accounted for 52%.
3. India’s military spending of $76.6 billion ranked third highest in the world. This was up by 0.9% from 2020 and by 33% from 2012. Amid ongoing tensions and border disputes with China and Pakistan that occasionally spill over into armed clashes, India has prioritised the modernisation of its armed forces and self-reliance in arms production.

Q4. Consider the following statements with regard to the Labour force participation rate in India as released by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy

1. The labour force participation rate has increased between 2016-17 and 2021-22
2. The increase in the participation rate was higher in the urban areas
3. Labour force participation among women, which was already in the low double digits, has declined further

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 only
c. 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

‘Labour participation dips to 40% from 46% in six years’

1. Only 40% of Indians of legal working age were employed or were looking for jobs in 2021-22. In comparison, the labour force participation rate was above 46% in 2016-17, according to data from the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy.
2. The dip in the participation rate was higher in the urban areas. The rate slid to 37.5% from 44.7% in urban areas — a more than seven percentage-point drops. The rate in rural areas fell to 41.4% from 46.9%.
3. In absolute terms, India’s labour force has shrunk from about 445 million to 435 million in the six years. Currently, about 1,085 million Indians are aged 15 or above and can be legally employed.
4. Labour force participation among women, which was already in the low double digits, has declined further. In 2016-17, about 15% of women were employed or looking for jobs. This metric dipped to 9.2% in 2021-22.
5. Among men, the participation rate declined to 67%, from more than 74%.

Q5. Which of the following countries/organisation has established Trade and Technology Council (TTC) with India as strategic mechanism to enhance trade?

a. Britain
b. France
c. UAE
d. The European Union (EU)

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

India, EU launch EU-India Trade and Technology Council (TTC) to steer trade, security ties
1. India and the European Union (EU) launched the India-EU Trade and Technology Council, a strategic mechanism that will give New Delhi access to advanced technologies and allow the two sides to set standards in crucial areas such as 5G and artificial intelligence.
2. This is the first time India has agreed to set up such a trade and technology council with any of its partners. For the EU, it is only the second such body, following the first one set up with the US.
3. A joint statement described the council as a “strategic coordination mechanism [that] will allow both partners to tackle challenges at the nexus of trade, trusted technology and security, and thus deepen cooperation in these fields between the EU and India”.
4. The proposal for setting up a trade and technology council came from the EU side and India responded with alacrity as it would allow the two sides to work on issues such as 5G, artificial intelligence, quantum computing, climate modelling and health-related technology.

Q6. The dispute over the Kuril Islands is between

a. Russia and China
b. England and Norway
c. Japan and China
d. Japan and Russia

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Q7. Consider the following statements with regard to the The National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME)

1. It aims to eliminate malaria (zero indigenous cases) throughout the entire country by 2030
2. The disease is mainly concentrated in tribal and remote areas of the country

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

The National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME) 2016-2030 outlines India’s strategy for elimination of the disease by 2030. The framework has been developed with a vision to eliminate malaria from the country and contribute to improved health and quality of life and alleviation of poverty.
In line with the WHO Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016– 2030 (GTS) and the Asia Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance Malaria Elimination Roadmap, the goals of the National Framework for Malaria Elimination in India 2016–2030 are:
1. Eliminate malaria (zero indigenous cases) throughout the entire country by 2030; and
2. Maintain malaria–free status in areas where malaria transmission has been interrupted and prevent reintroduction of malaria. National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Malaria Elimination (2017-2022)
 Over the past 15 years, India has made considerable progress in reducing its malaria burden. It has a vision of a malaria-free country by 2027 and elimination by 2030.
 However, the country still faces daunting challenges as malaria epidemiology exhibits enormous heterogeneity and complexity. The disease is mainly concentrated in tribal and remote areas of the country.

Q8. Recently seen in news RTS,S/AS01 is

a. A recombinant protein-based COVID-19 vaccine for children
b. A recombinant protein-based malaria vaccine
c. Vaccine for Monkey fever
d. Anti viral drug for COVID-19

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

Is there a vaccine for Malaria?

1. Mosquirix or RTS, S/AS01 is a recombinant protein-based malaria vaccine. In October 2021, the vaccine was endorsed by the World Health Organization for "broad use" in children,making it the first malaria vaccine candidate, and first vaccine to address parasitic infection, to receive this recommendation.
2. The vaccine is being called RTS,S. It is the first, and to date, the only, vaccine that has demonstrated it can significantly reduce malaria in children. In clinical trials, the vaccine was found to prevent approximately 4 in 10 malaria cases, including 3 in 10 cases of life-threatening severe malaria.