Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 29.01.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 29.01.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 29.01.22

Q1. Which of the following is/are a consequence of Climate Change?

1. Sea level rise
2. Melting of Glaciers
3. Greenhouse gas emission
4. Extreme weather events
5. Human migration

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1, 2, 4 and 5
b. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
c. 1, 2 and 5 only
d. 1, 2 and 4 only

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

All the above are consequences of Climate change. Global warming (which is one aspect of climate change) may release methane trapped in hydrates in permafrost and ocean floor. This will further lead to global warming. Uncontrollable Climate change means more climate change.

Q2. Consider the following statements about the Cyclone Amphan

1. It was the first super Cyclone in the Indian Ocean in the last two decades
2. It made landfall on Maharashtra coast

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

Both the statements are incorrect

The devastation caused by the first super-cyclone (Amphan) to form over the Bay of Bengal in the past two decades is as severe as the 1999 super cyclone. In the Sundarbans alone, it has washed away about 90 km of embankments that guarded two-thirds of islands in the South 24 Parganas district. Seawater has swept 10 km inland, inundating 50,000 ha of land.
Since 1999, Amphan is the third super cyclone to occur in the North Indian Ocean region, which includes the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the northern part of the Indian Ocean. The other two super cyclones were Kyarr in 2019 and Gonu in 2007.

Q3. India has 5,264 large dams, and hundreds and thousands of medium and minor dams—a majority of them provide water for irrigation through a maze of the canal network. Consider the following statements with regard to Indian Dams

1. None of the operational Indian Dam is more than 100 years old
2. Normally, The live storage capacity designed for reservoirs increases over time
3. The Idukki dam in Kerala is built over the Periyar river

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Statement 1 and 2 are incorrect:
India has 5,264 large dams, and hundreds and thousands of medium and minor dams—a majority of them provide water for irrigation through a maze of the canal network. About 64 large dams are 120 years old, 300 large dams are between 70 and 120 years old, and cumulatively, about 600 large dams are at least 55 years old. The scenario will become alarming in 2030 when about 2,000 large dams will be 50-120 years old, as the envisaged benefits from these dams will reduce substantially.
The reason is, as the dam become older, the live storage capacity designed for reservoirs will not remain static. It changes with time. The live storage of the Krishnarajasagar dam built-in 1931 cannot remain the same in 2020. This is because reservoirs get silted overtime.

Statement 3 is correct.

Q4. Which of the following ministries is the Nodal Ministry for the natural calamity of cold waves/ frost?

a. The Ministry of Agriculture
b. The Ministry of Earth Sciences

c. The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
d. The Ministry of Home Affairs

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

The Ministry of Agriculture will be the nodal Ministry for the natural calamity of cold waves/ frost. The Government of India has approved the inclusion of cold wave/ frost in the list of eligible calamity for assistance from SDRF and NDRF.

Q5. Which of the following is considered a Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD)?

1. Kala-Azar
2. Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephant Feet)
3. Malaria

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), such as dengue, lymphatic filariasis, trachoma, and leishmaniasis (Kala-Azar), are called "neglected," because they generally afflict the world's poor and historically have not received as much attention as other diseases. Malaria is not Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD).