Model Question and Answers for APSC | Critically discuss the newly proposed Agnipath scheme.

Critically discuss the newly proposed Agnipath scheme.

Model Question and Answers for APSC | Critically discuss the newly proposed Agnipath scheme.

Ans: Thousands of youth in various States took to the streets demanding a rollback of “contractualisation” of jobs in the Indian armed forces, under the newly announced Agnipath scheme.

Positives of the Scheme:

  • The scheme will open the gates for fresh talent and reduce the mammoth pension
  • While a prudent pruning of non-critical defence expenditure may be in order, the grave ramifications of reducing the manpower strength of the armed forces must be holistically addressed.



Youth not satisfied:

  • The new short-term, contractual, armed forces recruitment scheme may give rise to disaffection among the youth.
  • Its short-term (four-year stint), contractual nature (with only 25% absorbed into the Indian armed forces after the four- year term) and no provision for pension were some of the issues that worried the youth.
  • As 75% of soldiers will become ‘unemployed’ after four years and their total numbers will keep rising every year, it will give rise to more disaffection among the youth.
  • The prospects for these retired soldiers are questionable when the corporate sector had not shown much interest in hiring even the regular military personnel who retired after 15 years.
  • Four years of service will disrupt their education, and they will also face difficulties in getting another job or more education as they will be older than others with similar They will face financial hardship as well.


Effect on Armed forces:

  • These soldiers with only six-month basic training may be a cause of disruption to the existing regimental formations, also the low number of regular absorption of Agniveer will only result in the waste of training costs.
  • Indian soldier can not be replaced with a semi-trained and not-so-motivated person who is just waiting to complete his four years under the new scheme says a veteran
  • It takes a soldier a long time to emotionally and physically get moulded into his unit groove, become infused with his unit’s ethos and, thus, be prepared to lay down his life for the unit’s honour.
  • There are many examples of armies with short-tenure soldiers falling in battle. For example, American soldiers in Vietnam and Russian soldiers in The performance of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) troops in Afghanistan is also a telling example of demotivated soldiers.


Inappropriate Timing:

  • There is no doubt that the Russia-Ukraine war will have repercussions on our geopolitically stressed region, with a hostile China already creating trouble. In such a situation, this, perhaps, was not the right time to undertake radical measures such as Agnipath


Since the security considerations of the nation are sacrosanct even in this technology-driven age, only highly motivated and well-trained personnel of the armed forces must man the troops, not short-term soldiers, or magnifiers, who may only be waiting to finish their four-year stint and move on to greener pastures. Hence, a pilot project would have been a more prudent step