Model Question and Answers for APSC | Discuss about the position of the President in Indian Democracy.

Model Question and Answers for APSC | Discuss about the position of the President in Indian Democracy.

Ans : The President is the official executive and the head of state. At the centre, every executive activity is said to be taken in his name. This authority was granted to him via Article 53(1) of the Constitution, which provides that "executive power shall be vested in the President and shall be exercised by him directly or through subordinate officers."
The position of the President in Indian Democracy:
1. Although India has a President, it does not have a Presidential form of government like the United States. The President of India is the Head of State, but not the government.
2. Because India has a Parliamentary system of government, he represents the country but does not rule it.
3. The Supreme Court has repeatedly held that the President's (and Governors') status under the Constitution is analogous to the Crown's role under the British Parliamentary system.
4. The true executive powers should be exercised by the Council of Ministers, which is accountable to the Lok Sabha, as is the essence of Parliamentary Government.

Some key executive powers:
1. Article 53 vests the executive power of the Union in the President, but he is required to exercise his powers in accordance with the Constitution.
2. Article 74 of the Constitution says that there shall be a Council of Ministers to aid and advise the President the exercise of his functions and he has to act in accordance with such advice
3. Article 75(3) lays down that the Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People. There is no provision in the Constitution that makes the President answerable to the legislature.
Impeachment of the President
1. Article 61 of the Constitution lays down the procedure for the impeachment of the President.
2. The president can be removed from his office by a process of impeachment for the ‘violation of the Constitution Powers And Functions Of President:
The president has following powers:
Executive Power
Legislative Power
Financial Power
Judicial Power
Diplomatic Power
Military Power
Emergency Power
Ordinance Making Power