Model Question and Answers for APSC | Discuss administrative relation between centre and states. (APSC 2020)
Ans : The administrative relations between the Centre and the States are stated under Article 256 to Article 263 of the Constitution of India. The Government of India has also constituted the Punchhi Commission in 2007, to determine the Centre-State Relations.
As a set rule, the Central Government has administrative authority over the matters on which the Parliament is empowered to make the laws. The State Governments exercises administrative authority over the matters specified in the State List.
Article 246 of the Constitution
It deals with the subject matter of laws which are to be made by the Parliament and the State Legislatures.
The Constitution, under Schedule VII, lays down three lists. These lists divide the subjects between the Centre and the States. List I is the Union List, List II is the State List and List III is the Concurrent List.
Article 256 of the Constitution of India:
Firstly, it lays down that the executive powers of the State are to be exercised in such a manner that it complies with the laws made by the Parliament or any other existing laws which are applicable in the State.
Secondly, it states that the executive power of the Union includes in its ambit such directions that are given to the State by the Central Government, which it deems necessary for the purpose.
Article 262 of the Constitution of India:
Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of interState rivers or river valleys
Article 263 of the Constitution of India:
Under Article 263 of the Constitution of India, if the President believes that the establishment of an inter-state council would help in serving the public interests, then it is lawful for the President to establish such Council by order.