Model Question and Answers for APSC | Do you think cooperative federalism exists in India? Substantiate your answer. (APSC Mains-2020)

Model Question and Answers for APSC | Do you think cooperative federalism exists in India? Substantiate your answer.  (APSC Mains-2020)

Ans: In Cooperative federalism the Centre and states share a horizontal relationship, where they “cooperate” in the larger public interest. It is an important tool to enable states’ participation in the formulation and implementation of national policies.
Instances of cooperative federalism:
1. Union and the states are constitutionally obliged to cooperate with each other on the matters specified in Schedule VII of the constitution.
2. NITI Aayog has been constituted to actualise the important goal of cooperative federalism and to enable good governance in India.
3. On the premise that strong states make a strong nation, NITI Aayog brings States together as ‘Team India’ to work towards the national development agenda.
4. GST Council: Passing of GST is a shining example of cooperative federalism where States and Centre have ceded their power to tax and come up with a single tax system to realise the dream of one Economic India with ‘One Nation, One Market’.
5. Since 10th FC, the state's share has been continuously increasing till 14th FC by devolving 42%.

Centralising trends:
1. The distribution of legislative powers has been divided into three lists: the Union List, the State List and the Concurrent List. The Union List, comprising the “vital interests of the State”, is the longest.'
2. A disconcerting trend has been observed since 1950. While the Union and Concurrent Lists have expanded, the State List seems to have shrunk. This has led many to question the structure of Indian federalism and to propose its remodelling.
Strengthening Cooperative Federalism
1. Strengthening of Inter-State Council
2. Autonomy to states
3. Democratic Decentralisation of administration and strengthening governments at all levels in true spirit