Model Question and Answers for APSC | Highlight the ideas of nationalism of Gandhi and Tagore in context of Indian freedom struggle. (APSC Mains 2020 GS- I)
Ans : The difference of idea of a nation and nationalism between Tagore and Gandhi. While Gandhi wanted Purna Swaraj, Tagore wanted the country to be free from the yoke of British imperialism yet Tagore developed his own ideology of ultimate freedom and degree of nationalism. Tagore was against British rule but was also against hardcore nationalism. Tagore wrote that he will never let patriotism come before humanity.
The ideas of nationalism of Gandhi and Tagore
|Mahatma Gandhi advocated that the role of a lingua franca would play a crucial role in fostering nationalism in a country that has different languages and dialect groups.||Rabindranath Tagore believed that contemporary nationalism will eventually take a violent form and thus it was necessary to arrive at an alternative.|
|In 1920, during the noncooperation movement, Gandhi asked Indians not to buy British goods and products and only consume Indian products.||Then Tagore became the voice of labourers and peasants. He argued that many Indians couldn't afford this curb. Indian cloth was expensive while the foreign cloth was comparatively cheaper.|
|Mahatma Gandhi argued that the type of nationalism favoured by freedom fighters everywhere was too violent in its nature and approach and it would only
lead to future conflicts.
|Rabindranath Tagore argued that violent nationalism would destroy civilization itself. He was also opposed to non-violent forms of nationalism such as the one represented by Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement, which he felt presented a more isolationist view of India|
|Mahatma Gandhi wished to develop a more Indiancentric nationalism which would be far more welcoming and rooted to Indian -traditions, and cultures rather than being influenced by the west||Tagore emphasised on cosmopolitanism, Humanity and Internationalism rather than on narrow nationalism|