Model Question and Answers for APSC | How did land reforms in some parts of the country help to improve the socio-economic conditions of marginal and small farmers ?
Ans : Land reform is a form of agrarian reform involving the changing of laws, regulations, or customs regarding land ownership. Land reform may consist of a government-initiated or governmentbacked property redistribution, generally of agricultural land.
Various types of Land Reforms India started after Independence:
1. The elimination of middlemen between the government and tenants
2. Tenancy reforms that offers security to tenants
3. Rationalisation and regulation of rent
4. Conferment of ownership rights on tenants
5. Ceiling on Landholdings
6. Holdings consolidation
7. Land Records
8. Cooperative Farming
Land reforms helped to improve the socio-economic conditions of marginal and small farmers
1. The abolition of intermediaries made almost 2 crore tenants the owners of the land they cultivated.
2. With ownership access to formal credit and other government benefits increased
3. Rent regulation improved situation of tenants who were marginal and small farmers
4. Cooperative movement across country brought prosperity for poor farmer like Milk cooperatives of Gujarat and sugar cooperatives of Maharashtra
5. The abolition of intermediaries has led to the end of a parasite class. More lands have been brought to government possession for distribution to landless farmers.
6. A considerable area of cultivable waste land and private forests belonging to the intermediaries has been vested in the State.
7. Land record modernization gave clarity on ownership and reduced disputes