Model Question and Answers for APSC | “Pressure groups play a vital role in influencing public policy making in India.” Explain how the business associations contribute to public policies. (UPSC MAINS- 2021 GS-II)

Model Question and Answers for APSC | “Pressure groups play a vital role in influencing public policy making in India.” Explain how the business associations contribute to public policies.  (UPSC MAINS- 2021 GS-II)

Ans : A pressure group is a group of people who are organised actively for promoting and defending their common interest. It is called so, as it attempts to bring a change in public policy by exerting pressure on the government. It acts as a liaison between the government and its members.
Role in influencing public policy making in India
The pressure groups influence the policy-making and policy implementation in the government through legal and legitimate methods like lobbying, correspondence, publicity, propagandising, petitioning, public debating, maintaining contacts with their legislators and so forth.
Example:
The Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan played vital role in the Right to Information Act which grew out of the demand for minimum wages for workers.

Business Pressure Groups in India
1. Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI),
2. Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM),
3. Federation of All India Foodgrain Dealers Association (FAIFDA), etc
The business associations contribute to public policies:
1. During Budget making exercise consultations are held with industry for policy inputs
2. GST council business groups lobby for lower band of GST tax for thier business for example textile groups successfully averted increase in GST on textiles recently