Model Question and Answers for APSC | What are the main features of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)? Discuss the relevance of the policy for the socio-economic development of a state. (APSC 2018 )
Ans : The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) has been taken from the Irish constitution and enumerated in Part IV of the Indian Constitution. These are some basic principles or instructions or guidelines for the government while formulating laws/policies of the country and in executing them.
The concept behind the DPSP is to create a ‘Welfare State’. In other words, the motive behind the inclusion of DPSP is not establishing political democracy rather, it’s about establishing social and economic democracy in the state.
The main features of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP):
1. DPSP are not enforceable in a court of law.
2. They were made non-justifiable considering that the State may not have enough resources to implement all of them or it may even come up with some better and progressive laws.
3. It consists of all the ideals which the State should follow and keep in mind while formulating policies and enacting laws for the country.
4. The DPSPs are like a collection of instructions and directions, which were issued under the Government of India Act, 1935, to the Governors of the colonies of India.
5. It constitutes very comprehensive economic, social and political guidelines or principles and tips for a modern democratic State that aimed towards inculcating the ideals of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity as given in the preamble.
6. Adding DPSP was all about creating a “welfare state” that works for the individuals of the country which was absent during the colonial era.
The relevance of the policy for the socioeconomic development
1.Sustainable development: DPSPs are the principles of a welfare state in India. DPSP are important as it seeks to create a balance between economic progress and competition on one hand and environmental sustainability and social and economic equity on the other.
2. Inequalities: Transition from the socialist pattern of society to liberalization and market economy where inequalities were bound to come, it is the duty of the state to reduce these inequalities through tax structure, subsidies, various welfare schemes etc.
3. Accountability: DPSPs are important as it allows the citizens to hold the government accountable in their policy formulations and implementation e.g. equality at work, minimum wages etc.
4.Fair market: Globalization is based upon competition and monopolistic tendencies in the market. DPSP are important to provide a laissezfaire business environment to industries.
5. Human rights: DPSPs are relevant to providing a humane work milieu, equal wages for equal work and increasing the quality of standard of living of workers. It also provides for the participation of workers in the management of industries for better harmonisation between workers interests and industrial interests.
6. Human capital: DPSPs seek to build demographic dividends. DPSP puts an obligation on the part of the government to provide free, compulsory and quality education up to the primary level and improve public health.
7.Environment: Further it obliges the government to protect and improve the environment and safeguard forest and wildlife in the era of indiscriminate exploitation and deforestation based globalization.
8.Women rights: Liberalisation and globalisation have led to women empowerment. DPSP put an onus on the state to work towards women education, equal opportunity, equal wages, uniform civil code etc. that would further enhance women rights. The recent triple talaq act was in this direction.