Model Question and Answers for APSC | Women are now emerging as a constituency. Discuss in this light need for reservation for women in the legislature.
Ans : Women are emerging as a vote bank. Young Indian women represent aspirational India possibly more
than any other grouping today.
Women are emerging as a constituency
1.Political parties have sensed that women are emerging as a constituency. They are coming out in larger numbers to vote. They are also voting differently from their menfolk, and several studies have showcased this trend.
2. Women ensured the victory of a beleaguered Nitish Kumar in Bihar 2020. They stood solidly behind Mamata Banerjee in May 2021. Women have also supported Narendra Modi. The BJP has gone out of its way to woo them.
3. The prime minister recently ensured 11 women ministers in the Union council of ministers.
“Toilets for women”, “Ujjwala” and “Beti Padhao Beti Bachao” have helped.
Women as leaders:
1. The argument that there are not enough women candidates will not wash today. There is a pool of women out there who have been sarpanches, and members of local bodies, with experience of governance at the local level over a period of three decades.
2. This was thanks to the law to give them onethird representation — in some states, it is even 50 per cent — in local bodies. They are waiting to play a larger role in state assemblies and in Parliament.
The Women’s Reservation Bill
1. The Bill has been pending since 1996 when HD Deve Gowda’s government had first introduced it in Parliament. It promised to give 33 per cent representation to women in Parliament and in the state assemblies.
2. In the last 75 years of independence, women’s representation in Parliament has gone up from 5 per cent in the first Parliament to an “impressive” 14 per cent in the present Lok Sabha. The numbers are much lower in-state assemblies.
Given half a chance, they may bring new energy into our stagnant politics, and move it towards the delivery of basic needs — health, nutrition, education and livelihoods.